10 Roofing Terms Every Homeowner Should Know

As a homeowner, you might think you know a thing or two about the roof over your head. However, just because you own a home doesn’t mean you’re also a professional roofer. While you don’t repair and replace roofs for a living, you should still know the basics of roofing and its common terms.

roofing glossary

  1. Blistering – Bubbles that can appear on roofing materials due to moisture and extreme temperatures. This moisture can be trapped behind the shingles or within the shingles themselves.
  2. Cupping – Shingles can curl or form into a cup shape when improperly installed over an existing roof. Defectives shingle can also do this, which will need to be replaced.
  3. Deck – The layer of material (usually plywood or planks) that sheathing and roofing materials are installed on top of.
  4. Fasteners – Any roofing nail or staple that is used to secure materials to the roof deck.
  5. Flashing – Thin sheets of metal material used to create a waterproof seal around any projections (roof valleys, intersections, chimneys, etc.)
  6. Gable Roof – A traditional (and most common) roof where two peaked roof planes of equal size meet at the center ridge line.
  7. Granules – Mostly used on the top surface of asphalt shingles, granules are crushed pieces of rock that are coated and fired.
  8. Roof Plane – An area of the roof that has four separate edges; can be one side of a gable roof.
  9. Tear-Off – A full removal of all roofing materials down to the roof deck.
  10. Valleys – An area of the roof where two sloped roof planes meet and intersect to create a “V” shaped concave.

During repair or replacement of your roof, you might hear a few of these terms thrown around and it’s best to know what they mean. When you need an expert installer to repair or replace your current roof, contact Preferred Exterior. To learn more or to schedule a free estimate, give us a call at (516) 354-7252.

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